War is often justified and fought within the context of national security – the security of the state. The 2003 US intervention in Iraq is seldom different. The true cost of war and violence, however, is measured in the human context – on the individual level. This analysis paper re-examines the US intervention and occupation of Iraq through the seven categories of the UNDP framework of human security: economic, food, health, environmental, personal, communal, and political. The object here is not to provide a solution to the violence in Iraq, but rather an alternative perspective to view the challenge of insecurity. The national security perspective has failed to produce tangible, sustainable solutions. Perhaps the fault lies in our foundational understandings of what constitutes insecurity and violence in Iraq.
The rest of the analysis paper may be found here: IRAQ: THE WAR ON THE GROUND
Photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Jackey Bratt, US Navy (public domain)