The path of civil-military relations has been tumultuous for the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Since the country’s founding in 1947, Pakistan has faced several military coups and alternated between civilian and military regimes. A transition between civilian governments occurred in May 2013, however, a momentous occasion in the country’s civil-military relations given Pakistan’s history of military intervention in politics. Although there were a multitude of factors that led to a successful transition, three critical ones are examined: the military’s withdrawal from politics, an increasingly active Supreme Court, and US support of a civilian Pakistani government. As a secondary objective, this paper also analyzes whether or not these factors will continue to have a significant impact on the future of civil-military relations in the country.
The rest of the analysis paper may be found here: A Shift in Pakistani Civil-Military Relations: Factors That Led to the Successful 2013 Civilian Transition of Power